Authors in Norway: 

 Amalie Skram – Hellemyrsfolket.                                                                                                                                                                                                         Hans Jæger (Fra Kristiania-Bohemen)                                                                                        Christian Krogh (Albertine)                                                                                                              Arne Garborg (Bondestudenter)    

International authors:

French: Honoré de Balzac Gustave Flabert                                                                                Russian: Lev Tolstoi Anton Tsjekov


Amalie Skram 

Biography: Amalie Skram was born in 1846. She was ground breaking and provoked several people with her books and her divorce. But after her death, she was recognized as Norway’s greatest naturalistic author. She married a man named Müller, but even though they had two sons, they did not have a good marriage. They lived a turbulent life and she was in patented in Gaustad after a nervous breakdown. After her stay there she claimed a divorce, and it came trough in 1882. She took her sons and moved to her mother in Oslo (Kristiania). Then she moved to Halden to live with a brother. After the divorce she went through a rough time, and she did consider suicide. But in spite of the depression and bad economy, she persevered. After a while she moved to Oslo to live with another brother. Here, she came in touch with Bjørnson. It was also here she met Erik Skram, whom she married and had a daughter with. She died in 1905. 

Her literature: Skram’s debut book came out in 1882. She had to publish this book herself because the publishers meant it was to provoking. She got her breakthrough three years later. The book is called Constance Ring, and it was a ground breaking description of women’s sexual life and love. Men thought the book was to open, but women appreciated what she wrote, and that woman’s place in marriage where discussed. Her books were mainly about women’s unhappy place in marriage and treatment of mentally ill. But she felt rejected as an author in Norway, so she and her husband moved to Denmark, and she lived there for the rest of her life.  

Published work:

Madam Høyers Leiefolk, 1882 Constance Ring, 1885 Karens Jul, 1885 Lucie, 1888 Fru Ines, 1891 Forraadt, 1892 Hellemyrsfolket: Sjur Gabriel, 1887 To venner, 1888 S.G. Myre, 1890 Afkom, 1898 Børnefortellinger, noveller, 1890 Kjærlighed i Nord og Syd, noveller, 1891 Agnete, skuespill, 1893 Professor Hieronimus, 1895 Paa St. Jørgen, 1895 Mellom Slagene, brev, 1895 Sommer, noveller, 1899 Julehelg, roman, 1900 Mennesker, 1905 (unfinished)


Arne Garborg 

Biography: Garborg was born in 1851. He had a tough childhood because of his father’s pessimism and depression. He moved early, even though he where to inheright the estate. He became a teacher and wrote poems and articles as he worked. In 1870 his father committed suicide and this event changed Garborg’s poetry and life. Three years after he moved to Oslo to study, and here he was influenced by Georg Brande’s ideas. In 1880 he became active in the fight for democracy and justice; he also developed a certain distance from the church. As a naturalistic author, he was shaped by pessimistic ideas. In 1887 he married Hulda Garborg, because he had made her pregnant. Arne Garborg is celebrated for his work with new norwegian at the end of his life he worked as a translator and he died in 1924, 73 years old. 

His literature: Arne Garborg wrote as any naturalist. He described the persons and their suffering. This pessimistic point of view was no doubt coloured by the difficult childhood and his father’s suicide, in which he always felt responsible for. 

Published work:                                                                                                                                  

Gud Signe Norigs Land, 1878
Ein fritenkjar, 1881
Bondestudentar, 1883
Mannfolk, 1886
Kolbotnbrev, 1890
Trætte mænd, 1891
Fred, 1892
Haugtussa, 1895
Læraren, 1896
Knudaheibrev, 1904

Published on February 26, 2008 at 12:32 pm  Leave a Comment  

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