Neo romanticism

The neo romanticism grew to be a reaction against the realism. We got our own language, and everybody could choose what language they wanted to speak. This period ended with the dissolution of the union with Sweden, and Norway became an own country. The literature was now supposed to be about the subjective, and not cause debate any longer.

The neo-romanticism lasted from approximately 1890 to the start of the 20th century. This era started up because of four elements. At this time, there came a new generation of authors which contributed to start this era. There was also the reading of “Fandango” by Vilhelm Krag in a Student society. Also the publication of a book called “Sult” and an article called “Fra det ubevisste sjeleliv” by Knut Hamsun. The neo-romanticism was an action against the realism. “Fra det ubevisste sjeleliv” was an attack on realistic and naturalistic fiction. It was also an attack on the four great Norwegian authors; Ibsen, Bjørnson, Kielland and Lie. The literature was not supposed to encourage debate, but be about the subjective.

The neo-romanticism was often written in I-form. The authors portrayed the subjective and accidental in a mood or emotional outburst. The neo-romanticism did not explain or attack, because the purpose was to promote a mood, and the form was more free and modern. All genres were practised, but mostly poems and novels were published.

The authors now focused on mood and the state of mind. They distanced themselves from social problems, and went back to write about the untouched nature. It became a reaction against realism and naturalism, where they wrote about the grey, problem filled world. It was also a reaction against the new society, the break through of the great capitalism, industrialisation and development of the cities. The literature became more individualised and lyrical, and they wrote more about young love and infatuations, like Hamsun’s “Victoria”. The use of adjectives increased, to appeal to our senses. Religious and mystic questions were again interesting, and the belief in humans and our capability of sorting out crisis was rising. The poets wanted to describe the oblivious life of senses and the inner human being. The neo-romanticists glorified the country life, and were interested in personal problems instead of political, and liked mystic, dreams and longing. The poets wrote about erotic power and its impact on our senses.

The nature is also important. This can be interpreted as a reaction to the civilisation and the chase of the material thing. The nature is fresh, original and genuine. In the nature, fantasies and true feeling are allowed to come out and the suppressed instincts can spread. Because of this obsession with the mystic and exotic, the act was often placed in oriental environment or Norwegian woods. The women in neo-romanticism were often enigmatic, erotic and unobtainable. She was strongly impressed by her sex, and her place was at home. There can also be found some tendencies to hatred of women.

Published on February 26, 2008 at 11:13 am  Leave a Comment  

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