Poetic realism

The Poetic realism was a passage from the romanticism to the realism period. Poems, drama and lyrical prose were important and it was everyday life actions and modest relations that were distinctive marks during this time. Examples on poetic realism are to find in Welhavens and Wergelands poetry together with writings by Camilla Collett and Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson.

Poetic realism is known for its concrete descriptions and that the poems often follow the realism rules. In this period the society went from being stabile to dynamic. And the industrialization and urbanization grew stronger.

The background of the start of the poetic realism and realism was actually based on the industrial revolution in England. So then we can ask ourselves what the industrialization meant to the literature in Norway.

In the middle of the 19th century we got the railway. Then products could easily be transported around the country for a low price. More newspapers and magazines were produced and the request for freedom of speech grew. Skilled journalists like Aasmund Olavsson Vinje started his own magazine Dølen in 1858. He wrote about religion, the union, literature and the railways. Another journalist was Norway’s first female reporter Magdalene Thoresen. She wrote about the everyday life in her reports and she wrote short stories, poems and dramas. A bad relationship between the workers and their employers made the workers longing for an organization that could help them with their work conditions and payment.Marcus Thrane established the first organizations for workers and through his own magazine Arbeiderforeningens Blad, he reached out to smallholdings, woodmen, housemen and the more educated people. Thrane wrote about politics, and he often wrote poems, plays and music. He fought for common rights to vote, free trade and better schools. The German author Karl Marx also fought for the workers rights. He is known to be the labour movements most influenced thinker. He is the man behind the revolutionary theory that we call the Marxism. He was an active writer for the working class. Women were used to work at home, in the kitchen and at the barn. But along with the industry they got jobs in the telephone business and as teachers and nurses. More professions came, but they needed more education. Women wanted more control over their possessions, and they demanded the right to wrote. In 1913 the historical moment happened.
Many authors wrote about the female’s position in the society under the realism in Norway. Some examples are Jonas Lie, Christian Krogh and Camilla Collett.

This era didn’t last long when Georg Brandes held a lecture which opened the gates to the realism.

Published on February 26, 2008 at 11:20 am  Leave a Comment  

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