Realism

1870 – 1890

Liberty, equality and fraternity

Realism is a movement that blossomed as a reaction of the romanticism in the 1870. The origin is from the industrialization in England and the spread form France that got out in Europe around 1830.  

Instead of being all romantic, idyllic and exaggerate, the realism showed the objective and realistic description of the society. During this time the people were more aware of thing that happened around the world. The realism wanted to bring forth the true facts. The political and social problems in the society were going to be revealed.  

The distance between the people and religion increased, and the spiritual got less important. Poems got unpopular and novels, short stories and plays dominated. Through long texts the authors could bring forth the environment in the society as it was seen in a most likely and trustworthy way. The meaning was to crate an objective picture of the society, like Georg Barandes refers to as ‘’ the modern breakthrough’’. The texts were going to bring forth people’s interest and make them ask questions about injustice.  

The literature got a new ‘’job’’ to expose the dark parts of the society and to serve justice. Therefore it was made a huge weight on the description of the class distinction. The criticism was pointed out though dialogs and everyday actions. The style of writing was marked by visual pictures and characters. The use of characters made the criticism better because instead of just one person getting criticized, all of one sort got criticized. A good example is Henrik Ibsen’s play, Gengangere, where reverend Manders are a representative for the churchmen. The play brought horror to the surface because he took up topics like venereal disease and dark family secrets. The title ‘’gengangere’’, in English known as Ghosts, but with the true meaning repetition, refers to the consequences of a fathers sins.

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Published on February 26, 2008 at 11:03 am  Leave a Comment  

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