Christian Krogh:

The Norwegian painter Christian Krogh wrote the novel Albertine, in 1886.

albertine-av-chritisan-krogh-nasjonalgalleriet.jpgIn the novel Krogh describes how the prostitution was at the end of the 19th century. The book had a lot of reflections and moral. It was confiscated and some speculated that this was to protect the men with authority.

The story is chronological, but once in a while the readers can read Albertine’s thoughts. Krogh has placed the actions in Karl Johan and in the outskirts of Oslo because he wanted the readers to see their own society in a realistic picture. He described the history like it could have been at that time. Krogh wanted to bring forth the poor women’s injustice and difficult situations.

Just a few years after the publication on Albertine, big demonstrations were held and the public prostitution in the capital was abolished.

The four big ones:

Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Alexander Kielland and Jonas Lie are the four big ones. These men belonged to the same generation and were extremely important persons within the literature of the realism.


Henrik Ibsen took often up men’s oppress of female and how women was without legal capacity in their own home and in the society. He was on of Brandes biggest supporters.

Ibsen is known for Peer Gynt (1867), Gengangere / Ghosts (1881), Et dukkehjem/ A Doll’s House (1879) and Vildanden/ the Wild Duck (1884).

 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson criticized businesses and dishonest journalism, which he brought up in Redaktøren. In a speech in 1877 he wrote about to be in truth.  
           He gave out Det flager i byen og paa havnen in 1884, where he explained his theories of legacy and education. The Play En Fallitt is considered to be our first realistic play. It is about business moral, which had great success in foreign countries.  

Bjørnson was the founder of Riksmålsforbundet (1907). It is a Norwegian political language organization that works to keep the official national language position as the official written and spoken language in Norway. 

 Alexander Kiellans is a known Norwegian author. His work is considered to take place in Stavanger and the story mostly contents criticism to the hypocrisy of the villages, the citizenships misuse of workers, the schools and the church. He often had a sarcastic tone when he wrote. Kielland’s first appearance was in 1879 with the short story collection Novelletter.

  Jonas Lie believed in the mysterious powers in the human mind. He wrote series of present times novels. Some are Familien paa Gilje / the Family on Gilje. He wrote about the family life in everyday life. The main topics in his poems were family, marriage, and female situations.

Georg Brandes:

George Morris Cohen Brandes was a Danish critic that had a big influence on the Scandinavian literature from the 1870’s to the beginning of the 19th hundred. He was thirty years old when he handed out his principles for the new realism and naturalism, where he condemned the imagination in literature. Brandes meant that the literature should impart ‘’thoughts of freedom and progress of mankind’’. Henrik Ibsen was one of many who shared thoughts.

Published on February 26, 2008 at 12:23 pm  Leave a Comment  

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